Essential Cancer Screenings
Cancer can be a deadly disease, especially if it‚Äôs not caught early. Fortunately, recent advances in medical research and technology have made it possible to detect cancers at a very early stage.
What is cancer?
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. There are many different types of cancer. Breast, colon, and prostate are three of the most common types of cancer. Each can be screened by routine evaluation.
Let‚Äôs talk a little more about each of these cancers and screening
Breast cancer is a serious medical issue for women. One in every 8 or 9 women will develop breast cancer at some point in their life. Screening starts with monthly self-breast exams, even as early as in your twenties. For women 40 and over, yearly mammograms and physician exams become part of routine screening. Colon cancer affects both men and women. Colon cancer accounts for nearly 15% of cancer deaths. Routine screening starts at age 50 and includes both stool studies and flexible sigmoidoscopy. Prostate cancer is a tumor within the prostate gland. Men over the age of 50 are at greatest risk. Screening normally starts at 50 years of age and may include a manual exam as well as blood work.
What do these three cancers have in common?
If a family member has had any of the above cancers, screening may be needed at an earlier age. In each of these cancers, screening may lead to early diagnosis and a greater chance of being cured.